Ebola has become one of the greatest medical menace for humanity in year 2014. With its outbreak from African countries including Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone and Nigeria, the virus has the tendency to travel to other parts of the world. This has resulted in banning travel from and to the African countries.
Ebola is a contagious virus that can result in serious sickness and even death. More than 3,850 people have died from this disease so far. According to CDC, the symptoms of Ebola include Fever, Severe headache, Muscle pain, Weakness, Diarrhea, Vomiting, Abdominal pain and Unexplained hemorrhage (bleeding or bruising). These symptoms take around 8 to 10 days to appear after the patient has been exposed to the virus.
The disease is spread from physical contact with the patient or the animal infected with the virus. Only mammals especially bats, monkeys or forest antelopes have been identified to be effected by the virus.
Proper measures should be taken by medical staff dealing with Ebola patients to prevent the spread of the virus. Face/eye masks, gloves should be used. The syringes and other equipment must be properly sterilized. The funeral procedure of Ebola patients must also be done with care avoiding any physical contact with the body.
According to WHO and a study that was funded by the Canadian Institutes for Health Research, there are considerably less chances of the virus travelling to U.S and the European countries.
WHO is looking forward to a blood serum treatment for Ebola patients in few weeks as well as two experimental vaccines by January 2015.
No cure has been found for Ebola yet.